The Latin name for flaxseed is Linum usitatissimum meaning “very useful.” Used as food and textile fibre for over 5000 years, flaxseed is an important functional food due to its rich contents of α-linolenic acid (ALA), lignans, soluble fibre, quality protein and phenolic compounds. It has favourable effects on immunity, hormones and digestion, and significant potential in disease prevention (cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, cancer).
Singh KK, Mridula D, Rehal J, Barnwal P (2011). Flaxseed: a potential source of food, feed and fiber. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. 51(3):210-222